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Underground Railroad - Research Paper
Back to College: Admission Essays and Personal Statements. Thanks for signing up! Thanks for signing up! Returning students can be especially apprehensive about the essay portion of the paper underground, application package. It may have been years since you wrote an essay, and now you're being asked not only to write but to write in thesis, the particular style that is research paper effective in the college selection process. However, you can manage this situation like a pro by following our expert tips for returning students. When working with returning students, one of the biggest concerns they tend to have is about being a non-traditional student and essay, competing with traditional students. In fact, colleges are looking to create a diverse student body, and they are genuinely interested in paper underground, including returning students. The reason for this is that you can contribute to classroom discussions and study groups in a way that your traditional counterparts cannot. When writing your essays, emphasize that you have the organizational skills and dedication needed to excel in college. Most of all, let the admissions officers know that you, as an adult, have confidence that you have chosen the right path and are fully committed to completing your degree program.
2. Remember to show instead of telling. This advice applies to all applicants, but it is especially important for returning students. With more background on which to draw upon for your essays, you can paint a more vivid picture of your skills and potential. Skills from your personal and professional life can translate well to the collegiate environment, so help the science essay questions answers, admissions officers see how you have formed a strong sense of self and a meaningful set of abilities that you can use as a student. While the seeds of research underground your reasons for returning to school may have been planted when you were younger, the alcoholism, admissions officers are much more interested in who you are now. It's fine to mention briefly moments from your childhood or adolescence, but these should be limited to a phrase within a sentence. Instead, use experiences and situations from underground railroad, your adult life that reflect your character and of the empire, passion for your chosen program of railroad study. 4. Help the admissions officers understand why you are returning to school. Why now? The admissions officers will look for a cogent answer to thesis this question.
Have you reached a plateau in your current career? Are you looking to change fields? Were there circumstances in your past that are now resolved, giving you the ability to focus on research paper, school? There's no reason to paper railroad be anything but honest in your response here. If you were downsized, let the admissions officers know. If you were working in a certain job out of necessity but are now pursuing your dreams, tell them. Show the admissions officers that you now have time in your schedule to dedicate to school. 5. Show enthusiasm for the school/program. Paper Underground Railroad? Take the time to thoroughly research each school before you apply. In addition to the school's website, you might want to lanterns write a couple of emails to professors whose work interest you as well as reach out to administrators to answer any questions you may have. Also, most colleges have a non-traditional student union, and you may want to get in contact with them to research paper underground understand their perspective of the school.
6. Don't avoid talking about your adult responsibilities. Paper Underground? As a returning student, you might not have the luxury of leaving a job, family or mortgage behind to pursue your studies. In your essays, you can write about paper railroad how the program is perfect because you can continue in your career. Ap Environmental Questions? If you are moving with a family, help the admissions officers see that your partner/children are supportive and enthusiastic about the opportunity. If you feel that you still aren't sure about the content of your essay or the quality of your writing, seek out some other opinions. Railroad? Is there someone at your work who has recently returned to school? Someone who graduated from your chosen program? Professional help is also available, whether you would like step-by-step help or just a final polish to new york essay ensure that your essay is error-free.
Learn more about college admissions at Peterson's. Search thousands of schools, scholarships, and articles! For-Profit Colleges Versus Nonprofit Colleges: What You Need to Know. If you're trying to decide between a non- and for-profit school, you'll need to make sure you know what each has to paper railroad offer. Applying for Financial Aid When Going to essay a For-Profit College. For-profit colleges have their own unique financial aid quirks, and this article can help you figure everything out to get the paper underground, money you need. Applying and Going to a For-Profit College: Questions to truman new york essay Ask and What to Know. If you're considering attending a for-profit college, you'll need to learn the steps to applying. Research Underground? An Undergrad Degree in Chemistry - A Good Solution? A degree in lanterns, chemistry can mean a good paying job, but you'll need to keep some things in mind when taking chemistry in college. Private School vs.
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To get started, all we need is paper railroad your email: ©2017 Peterson's, a Nelnet Company, and buy bulk cheap, its licences. All rights reserved. I certify that I am the subscriber to the provided cellular or other wireless number and I authorize and research paper, its representatives and agents to contact me regarding educational opportunities at any current and future numbers that I provide for thesis choice, my cellular telephone or other wireless device using automatic dialing systems, artificial or prerecorded messages, and/or SMS text messages, even if I will be charged by my service provider(s) for receiving such communications. Consent is research paper railroad not a condition for receiving more information from , and I understand that if I no longer wish to receive communications, I will need to research paper contact to alter this consent.
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How to paper underground Write an ap environmental answers Executive Summary. An executive summary is the brief introduction to a business plan. It should describe your business, the research railroad problem that it solves, your target market, and financial highlights. What should an executive summary include? Who you are. Start with your business’s name, location, and contact information. What you offer and the problem your business solves. Include a brief description of the product or service you offer and why it’s necessary. Your business doesn’t need to serve a larger social problem, but it should address a need or opportunity in alcoholism, the market. Your target market.
Sometimes the product itself defines the market, such as “Peoria’s best Thai food,” or “Mini Cooper dashboard accessory.” If not, then a brief description of the target market. Business plan purpose. Say whether you’re seeking investment or trying to secure a bank loan. An executive summary is research paper underground railroad, only really necessary when you are sharing your business plan with outsiders. Size or scale. For example, with an existing company, that information might be as simple as adding recent annual sales or number of employees to the basic company information in on teenage, the first bullet here. For a startup, it might be a brief description of aspirations, such as a sales goal for the next year or three years from research, now. I often recommend a simple highlights chart, a bar chart with sales and gross margin for essay the next three years.
Critical details. Mention any defining details that would matter to the person that will ultimately read the summary–like that the founders are all MBA students at the local university, or that your business has been awarded a prestigious development grant. Remember, some readers will only look at research railroad the summary of your business plan. Does every business plan need an executive summary? Not all plans need summaries. Before we continue, let’s get this straight. The executive summary is essential in plans that are being written for cheap outsiders. With business plans for internal use and Lean Plans, nobody expects one. Research Paper Underground Railroad! It takes some effort to do a good summary.
If you don’t have a business use for the summary, don’t do it. Are you writing a business plan to show to railroad investors or bankers? Then you need a good executive summary. Research Railroad! Many people will read only the on teenage summary, no matter what. Paper Underground! Others will read the summary first to decide whether or not they read the rest of the thesis choice questionnaire plan. So, a good summary grabs your reader’s attention and lets them know what it is you do and why they should read the rest of your business plan or proposal. But it has to cover some main points too. We’ll show you how to write an executive summary that sets your business plan apart from the stack. Think of an executive summary as being a lot like a pitch, but with constraints.
A good summary sells the rest of the research underground plan, but it can’t be just a hard sell—it has to actually summarize the research plan. Readers expect it to cover your business, product, market, and financial highlights, at research paper underground railroad the very least (see below for of the empire essays more detail on this). Of course you’ll highlight what will most spark the reader’s interest, to achieve this plan’s immediate business objective. But your readers expect the key points covered. It’s a summary, not just a pitch. Write it last.
Even though the executive summary is at the beginning of a finished business plan, many experienced entrepreneurs (including me) choose to write the underground executive summary after they’ve written everything else. Ideally the executive summary is research underground, short—usually just a page or two, five at the outside—and highlights the points you’ve made elsewhere in your business plan, so if you save it for the end, it will be quick and easy. Keep it short. I know experts who recommend a single page, just a page or two, no more than five, and sometimes even longer. I say less is more. Keep it as short as you can without missing any essentials.
And—I can’t resist, because I read hundreds of plans every year—one page is better than two, and underground two is on teenage alcoholism, better than five, and longer than five pages (my opinion here) is research paper underground railroad, too long. Keep it simple. Questions Answers! Form follows function. Most executive summaries are short texts, often with bullets, broken into subheadings. Illustrations such as a picture of a product, or a bar chart showing financial highlights, are usually welcome. Organize in order of importance. There is no set order of appearance of the different key items included.
Quite the contrary, in fact—use the order to show emphasis. Lead with what you want to get the research underground railroad most attention, and follow with items in the order of importance. I tend to like summaries that start with stating a problem, because that can add drama and urgency. When it’s finished, repurpose it as a summary memo. Thesis Choice Questionnaire! It’s the first chapter of a formal plan, but you can also use it as a stand-alone “summary memo.” Investors often ask startups to send a summary memo instead of a full business plan. It might be a short document, often attached to an email, or simply a summary in research underground railroad, an email. You can also use it again to thesis alcoholism fill in startup profiles on investment platforms such as Gust and AngelList or to research paper underground apply for an incubator or a business plan competition. Tips for thesis on teenage alcoholism using your executive summary to paper railroad seek investment. Before you develop your executive summary for thesis seeking investment, understand the relationship between business plan, executive summary as the first section of a business plan, and a stand-alone executive summary.
My views on this are taken from eight years as an active member in paper railroad, an angel investment group, and more than 10 actual angel investments, plus membership in the Angel Capital Association. Investors screen opportunities using summaries, not full business plans. A well-prepared executive summary is useful for science answers profiles for research underground railroad angel investment platforms like Gust, AngelList, and fall roman essays others. Introductions lead to requests for email summaries, not full business plans. But, investors can’t do due diligence without a full business plan. Your executive summary is the paper key to having your business plan reviewed. We’ve never invested in a business that didn’t have a business plan. But the full reading of the complete business plan comes only paper, later in the process, after we’ve screened summaries down to a very few that are interesting enough to paper railroad do due diligence.
Of the group I work with, for of the roman example, three fourths of us will read every executive summary submitted to us through Gust. All of us will read summaries for plans that pique group interest, and half of us will look at the rest of the plan only if we are still interested after reading the summary. Mention previous startup experience, or special domain expertise. Let the underground railroad investors know about it from the start because this makes a huge difference. Investors often say “bet on the jockey, not just the horse.” Keep it brief, just a reference to truman capote essay more information to railroad come later, but make sure it’s there. Say how much money you’re trying to raise and what you’re going to spend it on. It’s a summary, so details will come later, but investors want to know quickly whether your startup is in their normal range of interest. Truman! The use of funds makes a difference, too. Spending to build inventory for railroad existing orders, for example, is way less risky than spending to develop a product that is in design and paper underground railroad prototyping.
Valuation, in this context, is controversial. Valuation is research paper, what you say your company is underground railroad, worth, a number that determines how much ownership you give away for investment. Some investors want summaries to specify how much money at what valuation; others want to assign the valuation themselves and don’t like startups pushing their number too early. Railroad! Mention your exit strategy. Leave the details for later, but investors want to know that you understand they don’t make money unless you achieve an multiple choice exit in railroad, a few years so they can sell shares to research underground railroad get their return. Too many founders think investors just want them to be successful, when in fact that means very little without an eventual exit. Paper Railroad! Be persuasive, but focus on research paper underground railroad the facts. You want to research paper railroad make your prospective investor want to keep reading; convince them to invest in your startup. But do understand that the persuasion is in the facts, not in the wording. Capote Essay! What keeps them interested is the content of the summary, not the paper railroad tone. Facts that prove traction, potential market, or startup experience are infinitely more powerful than mere assertions of excellence.
Avoid obvious cliches. For example, never even mention the team’s passion or commitment—they all have that, so it’s irrelevant. If you say that your startup is disruptive, or game-changing, or the next Facebook or whatever, you lose. Instead, show that with facts. Let the investors say it, not you. Tips for writing an thesis multiple executive summary for a bank loan. Contrary to the common misconception, bankers don’t ever take risks on business plans. Underground! To get bankers to read on, the executive summary has to cover the lanterns cheap six main points suggested in the beginning of this article, plus a few selected other points that highlight stability, assets on paper underground the balance sheet, and science answers financial history, showing that the loan is not risky. With one notable exception, banking law forbids banks lending money to businesses that don’t have enough assets to cover the full value of the loan, and then some.
That’s against banking regulations. Good professional bankers ask for a business plan as part of railroad a loan application because they legitimately want to know and empire essays understand your business. But they don’t take risks. Research Paper! This summary isn’t about persuading or selling, but rather reassuring and describing. So what works for the executive summary for thesis multiple bankers is quite different from what works for the summary for investors.
Outline your personal net worth. Where investors want to see management team startup experience, bankers want to see personal net worth of business owners. Be transparent about your financial history and bankable assets. Where investors want to research see future potential growth, bankers want to see past financial history and bankable assets. Give evidence of your potential stability and longevity. Where investors want to look at possible exits, bankers want their commercial borrowers to offer future stability.
I mentioned one notable exception to the rule that bankers don’t take risks. In the U.S., the federal Small Business Administration (SBA) has programs that work with local business banks to guarantee some of the riskier small business loans to paper lanterns making borrowed money available to paper startups and small business. SBA loans require a solid traditional business plan that includes a good executive summary covering the five main points suggested in the first list above. Executive summaries for internal plans, operations plans, or strategic plans. As I mentioned above, a true Lean Plan doesn’t need any summary. Fall Roman Empire! The classic executive summary is for plans going to outsiders. However, there are some kinds of internal plans ––such as an annual operations plan or a strategic plan—that can use a summary to make the purpose of the plan clear, and make sure the highlights are covered.
But for these plans, don’t bother anybody with standard executive summary information that everybody already knows, like your contact information. Download a template for underground railroad your executive summary. If you’d like to cheap start with a template, consider using a One-Page Pitch for your executive summary. Paper Underground! It’s available as a free download here on capote new york Bplans, and it covers everything you might want to include. View hundreds of executive summary examples. Take advantage of Bplans’ more than 500 examples of research paper good business plans—all available online for research underground railroad free—to search for the sample plan that best fits your business’s profile, and then use that plan’s free example executive summary as a guide to help you through the process of writing your own. Sample business plans: Over 500 free sample business plans from various industries. Business plan template: This fill-in-the-blank business plan template is in the format preferred by banks and the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA). How to start a business: An easy-to-follow six-step process for starting a new business.
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This is my first time writing an executive summary, and I did not have a clue. Very helpful information. does anyone know/have a business plan for a dredging business. chinedumokoli @ aol.com. I have a wonderful plan to start a marketing magazine on schools in paper underground railroad, Botswana (Southern Africa and thesis choice i nedd some finances to start the underground magazine. Anyone with help.
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Thank you so very much. This is the second time I have used your site. The first time was over 6 or years ago and paper underground railroad YOU have truly evolved! best blog i ever seen about this article! This is a very informative post. this will help me in my personal life and thesis alcoholism my works in dubai. I have two business idea and paper underground I need someone to finance it. One of the plan do not require large fund. I have two business idea and I need someone to finance it.
One of the plan do not require large fund. thanks. Thank you very much. This is very helpful and just what I needed. Thank you, for the usefull information you provide. Hello, I have a plan to start a non profit christian music radio station, to reach out the paper underground young generation. If anyone wants to help in any way please contact me. Great post. Paper! Very helpful and to the point. Lanterns! If you liked this post, you might enjoy http://sparxoo.com/?p=436. It has more detail on exec summary brochures.
Greatly appreciated – Thank You. Thanks for underground railroad the tips! Could go into a bit more detail, but helpful for lanterns a start! I would like informatiom from a lender to help me to research paper finance a rec center to help low income families and research paper railroad kids who have no where to go or no one to talk to. This part of plan took me a couple months of rewriting, in fact, my plan took me months, and I am updating/changing it again today. But, once you have most of variables completed in your plan, this part comes much easier to write. Research! it’s easy to “avoid” working on your business plan, because it is a lot of work, stressful, and research underground railroad has frequently changing variables. But, stop avoiding it! You are only doing a disservice to paper your company and thesis alcoholism employees by not following a plan. Once you get going on it, it gets much easier.Business Plan Pro Software is great, and helps you every step of the way, not to mention it is a steal of a deal! am a young enthusiastic enterpreneur in botswana and research paper underground railroad would like some needed assistance in a very viable business plan.well my area of interest is in the freightliner delearship.having in mind that i want to convience my lenders to lend me money.but all in all your tips are worth it.
My brother who is an Agronomist is running a project of breeding goats in the Northern part of Haiti. He needs some funding. anyone willing to help? I’m a black belt in Brazilian Jiujitsu and on teenage am planning to move my already existing BJJ academy in Auckland, New Zealand, from its current location to research a bigger venue due to increase on the student numbers. Paper Underground! looking for investors. BJJ is growing all over the world this is the right time to invest!! any enquires email me at firstname.lastname@example.org cheers. This is really great, lot of information and so helpful for research railroad the readers. You have done a great job here. Thanks for ap environmental essay answers the insight.its more than enough to underground get started. Correct. Executive summary should be precise and act as the mirror to ap environmental questions answers your whole plan.
Thanks it is really helpfull and usefull really nice info. I am in paper railroad, the process of questionnaire creating my business plan starting up a multi-unit salon in Maryland almost simialr to a Salon plaza, if any one has any helpful info concerning investors i can pitch to or other ways to get capital please email me at kwhitak2 @ umd.edu. thanks alot. I’m starting a shuttle service besuness catering for corporate clients in the form of staff transportation. I have a executive summary, it is half a page long, is this enouogh? Hi – I’m setting up live entertainment projects around the UK/Ireland in underground railroad, 2010 as a “touring festival”. Looking for a solid investor willing to put around ?40,000.00 into the project. 15 years in the industry including training in production for TV, radio and project management, worked with Girlschool, Blaze Bayley, Wolfsbane, Tygers Of Pan Tang, Waysted (ft.
Pete Way of ap environmental science UFO), Blitzkrieg, Houe of Lords, Lee Latchford-Evans (ex-Steps), Oliver-Dawson’s “Saxon”, Power Quest, Hydrogyn, Spit Like This, Praying Mantis and many other acts. Experience promoting live events on various scales, artist management, project management, event administration, customer service, acting booking agent, etc; etc. Bags of experience and research underground ideas with a lot of potential. Very helpful info. Started writing a business plan, including marketing strategies for a business I’m starting – still defining my market/product – but Business is in Training Education Industry. Looking for leads to roman sharpen my direction, and opportunities to exploit. Research Paper Railroad! If you know of anyone who is involved with RTO’s that contract out research railroad, work to people with Cert IV in Train Assess, please leave your details here. Kind regards, This has really been helpful.
There are so many different outlines out railroad, there and sometimes, they tend to be confusing. This is what I’ve been looking for. Quite an assistance in my time of need!thanx. I have been trying to turn a hobby into a viable living but also want to help starving children across the world. On Teenage Alcoholism! I have contacted my local SBDC who refered me to this site. I will read all information that you have because what little I have read so far is very helpful informative. Thank you so much for this site! I can hardly believe it’s FREE! I forgot to ask…what is SCORE? Great question, Connie! SCORE “Counselors to research underground America’s Small Business” is a nonprofit association dedicated to ap environmental essay questions educating entrepreneurs and research paper underground railroad helping small business start, grow and succeed nationwide.
SCORE is a resource partner with the U.S. Thesis On Teenage! Small Business Administration (SBA). This is wonderful and easy to follow. Your sample plans are simply the best and helpful. Research Paper Railroad! Keep up with the good work. This is for me…all the information i was looking for there all here…when i was doing a SWOT analysis for a MICRO FINANCE BANK…i got all i needed here i came out the best…also for My new business Plan…this is just too Fresh. Research Railroad! Keep the Good Work… Another paragraph should highlight important points, such as projected sales and profits, unit sales, profitability and keys to success. Underground! Include the news you don’t want anyone to miss. Thesis On Teenage Alcoholism! This is a good place to put a highlights chart, a bar chart that shows sales, gross margin, and research paper railroad profits before interest and taxes for thesis alcoholism the next three years. You should also cite and explain those numbers in paper railroad, the text.
I simply want funds to publish and promote a book. Lanterns! I do not plan to open a company or corporation. Simply want to become a professional promote of my book. How do I find an research paper Executive Summery for a book promotion? Does anyone out of the roman empire essays, there have a sample copy? Help. Great article (as usual). I find that if the business plan was well developed through a good buisness planning process, then the executive summary will most often be solid, provided it is research underground railroad, customized to the reader, as you mention in your article. I think a good ES is the result of a great business plan, and new york essay you can’t have one with out the other. I recently wrote a similar article on my blog titled, “What is the Purpose of an Executive Summary?” I thought this might be a relevant addition:
Hundreds of thousands of railroad small business owners and entrepreneurs set out each year to write or re-write their business plan. After spending up to hundreds of hours crafting the perfect plan, they simply take the thesis heading from each of the major sections and throw together a summary of the business plan in paper underground railroad, 20 minutes. The purpose of your executive summary is not merely to “summarize” your business plan. The purpose is far greater. Your executive summary should be used to: Make a Memorable First Impression – You only capote new york essay, have one chance to make a first impression. You could have the greatest business plan ever created, but with a poor executive summary your readers won’t even make it to the heart of the paper underground business plan. Your executive summary is a sign of fall of the roman essays what is to come for the reader. If you put them to sleep in research paper railroad, the first 2 pages they certainly will not even consider digging in to your 40 page business plan. Leave the Reader Intrigued; Asking for More – Much like a movie preview your executive summary should whet the thesis on teenage alcoholism readers appetite for the main course. You want to point out some of the exciting attributes of your business plan, but don’t give away all its twists and turns.
Disclose just enough information to leave the reader curious. Your goal should be to compel the research paper railroad reader to dig into the meat of lanterns cheap your business plan to answer their questions about research, some of the plan’s details. Differentiate – Stand Out – Depending on who your readers are, they may have seen hundreds even thousands of business plans and executive summaries. You need to stand out right away or risk losing the chance to try to capote stand out later. If you start off your executive summary with a boiler plate template you are asking for the reader to just skim over the plan, and then just toss it aside because they have seen it all before. If you can hook them from the research paper railroad beginning they may actually give your business plan a chance. Ultimately the purpose of your executive summary is to thesis compel the reader to paper continue on, but who really has time to read a 40 page business plan? That is why it is vital to make a memorable first impression, leave the reader intrigued, and to differentiate your plan from the rest of the world.
You are right Tim. The executive summary is very important and underground needs to be a really tight document as this will be the first point of contact with a business plan’s reader. Mess up with the executive summary, and your business plan stands a chance of not being read or considered serious. Executive Summary is as important as the Business Plan itself, as it will give the first impression of what is expected and how professional the plan is. Thanks!! You helped me get an A. #128512; Thanks a lot, this will avoid me a headache! The guidelines are really outstanding, they are so easy to paper underground railroad follow and apply…very good job for this website! this is fantastic way on how to write executive summary, wonderul so keeping on helping us for increasing of our knowledge and skill on business issues. Thank You very much.
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Probably the most important part of the buy bulk lanterns business plan… It helps the reader/investor decide weather or not he is going to keep reading… I write a ES and include as much details as possible… then re-read it and remove the fluff (repeat that step about 5 times)… Never waste space/words when writing this summary! Its really great. Underground Railroad! This has helped me in research underground railroad, many ways in writing plan from basic. Thank You So much… am inspired and research paper underground railroad i think my level of understanding has gone higher and higheryou are great people who are aimed at redeeming the world from the bondage of ignorance. KEEP IT UP AND UP AND UP AND………..HEY HAVE RUN OUT OF WORDS. Thanks for these great tips! “Never waste words in a summary.” – So true! Being direct is a favorable quality. I had someone write a business plan for me, and in research underground, one section of the executive summary they repeated in the service part of plan as well is the bad to paper duplicate?
Can send to me your business plan if it is alright with you? Am loving this site. There is so much I didn’t know but now its all falling into place. Confident of a good business plan by the time I go through the different aspects of business planning/writing. Thanx. Thank you so much ! Thanks for the nice plan. What if I don’t have any past startup experience and this is my first time. Essay Questions Answers! What to research do? Click here to join the ap environmental questions conversation ( ) Have something to say about this article? Share it with us on: Bplans is owned and operated by paper underground railroad Palo Alto Software, Inc., as a free resource to help entrepreneurs start and run better businesses.
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50 Inspiring Resume Designs: And What You Can Learn From Them. Your resume or CV may be one of the most important projects you ever design. Railroad. It can make or break job applications, open doors to new careers, make a great (or dismal) first impression. Fall Roman Essays. When you send out your resume, you’re really sending out a piece of yourself. So make sure it’s representing you to your best advantage. Just like how you dress your best for underground, an interview, it’s important to give your resume the same treatment — to make sure it’s polished and research railroad presentable. The 50 resume designs below span a wide range of styles, from strictly businesslike to ultra creative — browse through them to get some ideas for underground railroad, updating your own resume. Designing your own is science essay questions easy with our wide collection of paper railroad beautiful resume templates. Click the research paper, image to see more resume templates.
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Using a horizontal orientation (instead of the traditional vertical format) immediately gives your resume an edge in research railroad terms of attracting attention. Other strong points of buy bulk paper lanterns this design by research paper underground railroad Justin Schueler include a balanced, un-crowded layout and plenty of negative space. Fall Of The Empire Essays. There seems to be a trend, at least in research paper underground industries where you can take some risks with your resume, to on teenage forget the paper, stuffy business lingo and show that there’s a human behind the piece of paper. Using a more conversational tone, as David Elgena has done with his “Hello, nice to meet you. Here’s a little about me” header at the top of this resume, may help you create rapport with the person who’s reviewing your application before you even meet them.
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Essay on Trade Union: Top 13 Essays. Read this essay to learn about Trade Union. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Meaning of underground, Trade Union 2. Definition of Trade Union 3. Objectives 4. Principles 5. Why Workers Join Trade Unions? 6. Functions 7. Tactics 8. Trade Union Movement in India 9. Present Position 10. Recommendations of the National Commission on lanterns, Labour 11. The Trade Unions Act, 1926 and Other Details. Essay on Meaning of Trade Union Essay on paper, Definition of Trade Union Essay on Objectives of Trade Union Essay on Principles of railroad, Trade Union Essay on Why Workers Join Trade Unions? Essay on Functions of Trade Union Essay on Tactics of Trade Union Essay on Trade Union Movement in India Essay on paper underground railroad, Present Position of capote, Trade Union Essay on Recommendations of the National Commission on Labour Essay on The Trade Unions Act, 1926 Essay on Problems of Trade Union Movement in India Essay on Measures for Strengthening Trade Union Movement. Over the years, trade unions have emerged as an essential feature of industry in research paper railroad, every country. The main reason for thesis multiple their emergence is the factory system and capitalistic society. In the paper underground railroad early stages of industrialisation, there was lack of legal protection for workers.
The workers felt exploited at the hands of the employers. They joined hands to protect their interests through collective action. A trade union is an truman capote, organised expression of the needs, attitudes and expectations of the workers. To an average person, a trade union signifies an organisation of workers engaged in securing certain economic benefits for its members. In the research modern context, however, activities of trade union are not confined to mere securing the economic benefits. The purview of activities now includes even the political and welfare activities undertaken by them for the benefits of its members. A trade union has many facets—economic, social, and political. It strives to protect, maintain and improve economic, social and vocational interests of their members.
A few important definitions of a trade union are as follows: According to ap environmental science Sec. 2 (b) of the Trade Unions Act, 1926. “A trade union is any combination of persons, whether temporary or permanent, primarily for underground railroad the purpose of regulating the relations between workers and employers, or between workers and workers, and for imposing restrictive conditions on the conduct of any trade or business and includes the federation of two or more trade unions.” According to Dale Yoder. “A trade union is a continuing, long term association of employees, formed and maintained for the specific purpose of advancing and protecting the interest of members in their working relationships.” According to S.D. Punnekar, “A union is a continuous association of paper lanterns cheap, persons in industry-whether employees or independent workers—formed primarily for the purpose of the pursuit of the interests of its members of the trade they represent.” According to V.V. Giri, “Trade union is a voluntary organisation of workers formed to promote and protect their interests by collective action.”
According to Edwin B. Paper Railroad. Flippo, “A trade union is an organisation of workers formed to promote, protect and improve through collective action, the social, economic and political interests of its members.” To summarise, it can be said that a trade union is an organisation of employees formed on a continuous basis for the purpose of securing diverse range of benefits. An analysis of the above definitions reveals the following characteristics of a trade union: (i) Trade union is an association of underground, employers, employees or independent workers. (ii) Trade union is research paper underground, generally a permanent combination. It is essays, not a temporary or casual combination of workers. (iii) The main aim of a trade union is to protect and further the economic, vocational and other interests of their members.
(iv) Members of a trade union have common interests and research underground railroad problems, which motivate them to unite. (v) Trade unions always act collectively i.e. through united action of members. (vi) The unions are ready to adapt according to technological and environmental changes. Essay # Objectives of Trade Unions : According to the Trade Unions Act, 1926, “A trade union must work to protect and promote the interests of the workers and the conditions of their employment.” To be specific, the trade unions generally pursue the following objectives: The subject which drew the major attention of the trade unions is the wages and salaries of the workers. This item relates to the policy matter of the ap environmental science essay enterprise. However, differences may arise in the process of their implementation. In the case of unorganised sector, trade unions play a crucial role in bargaining the pay scales. Trade unions aim to improve working conditions by securing shorter working hours, better leave facilities, adequate social security, better housing and education and research underground railroad other welfare benefits.
3. Rationalisation of Personnel Policies: The economic security of an employee is determined not only by the level of wages and ap environmental science questions duration of his employment but also by the management’s policies in respect of recruitment, selection, promotions, transfers, training etc. If such decisions are governed by statutory rules and rational policies, there is greater assurance of paper, fair treatment and equal justice; otherwise there is no security for workers. A trade union should also strive for harmonious relations between the employees and employer. Trade union, being the representative of all the workers, may carry out continuous negotiations with the management with a view to promote industrial peace.
Another objective that unions seek to achieve is winning recognition for workers that they are equal partners with management in the task of production. The unions try to secure for workers a say in the management and industrial democracy thereby bringing about ap environmental science answers, a new social order. To provide legal sanctions to its demands, the unions attempt to get these framed in the form of paper railroad, Acts so that they become permanent features of the contract between the employers and the workers. For this purpose, the roman essays unions may take recourse to political action in terms of supporting some political party or forming their own political party. Modern trade unions also engage in paper, providing educational, medical and buy bulk lanterns other facilities for the development and welfare of their members, if they have sufficient funds at research paper underground their disposal. Essay # Principles of Trade Unions : The trade unions have the following principles: The strength of trade unions is their unity.
The unity among members will enable the union to have a good bargaining power. If the members stay divided then employers or others to whom unions put their demands will not take them seriously. On Teenage. So the unity in the association will be its strength. The union’s strike on the principle of equal pay for equal work of the paper same type. They oppose discrimination among workers and demand same wages for similar work. The managements may indulge in paying different wages to create divisions among employees. The ILO charter also suggests that men and women should receive equal remuneration for work of equal value. The security of service of employees is the other principle of trade unions.
The continuity of service will ensure social and economic security for union members. Essay # Why Workers Join Trade Unions? The trade union movement is gaining momentum with the passage of underground, time. Workers and others are joining unions to protect and further their interests. Why do Workers Join Unions? The working classes are increasingly depending upon them to take up its issues with managements. The main reasons for the workers joining unions are as follows: 1. The workers join unions to get economic security. They want steady employment and proper income.
The unions take up the issue of layoffs or wage increases for workers with managements and protect the interest of paper, their members. 2. The unions protect workers and refrain management from taking any action which is irrational, discriminatory or prejudicial to the interest of labour. The workers want a proper policy for giving rewards, punishment, layoffs, transfers, promotions, etc. The unions will represent worker’s side to the management and multiple choice ensure fair and just policies for service matters. 3. The unions are the voice of workers in communicating their views, aims, feelings and research underground frustrations to management. 4. The unions also help workers in thesis alcoholism, getting employment. 5. The unions provide protection to workers against economic hazards such as accident, illness, death, disability, etc.
The functions of modern unions are comprehensive. These functions can be categorised as: 1. Intramural functions. 2. Extramural functions. 3. Political functions. 4. Social functions. These functions are termed as militant functions too because unions may resort to railroad strikes and other pressure tactics to get their demands implemented. Intramural functions include wage rises, proper working conditions, sanitation, safety, continuity in employment and multiple choice questionnaire so on.
The unions try to research paper resolve these issues through collective bargaining. If discussions and meetings do not help in resolving these issues then unions use strike and buy bulk lanterns cheap other pressures as tools in getting these demands accepted. Trade unions also undertake functions which are required for the welfare of their members. These functions include provision of educational, recreational and housing facilities. The unions raise funds in the form of subscription from research paper underground railroad, members and thesis multiple choice questionnaire spend them for the welfare of underground, workers.
In case of untimely deaths, unions provide financial help to the members of the deceased’s family. Extramural functions are very important as they inculcate the spirit of co-operation against members. The trade unions indulge in political activities in order to help in improving the economic conditions of workers through legislative and buy bulk paper administrative measures. The unions hold political meetings to research paper put pressure on the government to bring new legislations which will improve the plight of working class. The unions may also collect funds for political functions. These functions include carrying out research paper underground, social service activities, discharging social responsibilities through various sections of the society like educating the customers. Trade unions employ certain tactics to deal with the research paper management. Research Railroad. These are:
Organising drive is one of the major instruments of force that unions employ. Organising drive is nothing but forming a union where none exists. The mere threat of a union may bring the management to terms. Similarly, a successful drive may also bring the management to terms. The organiser tries to capitalise on employee dissatisfaction and remises workers that their dissatisfaction would be removed if they join the union.
The most important union tactic is paper railroad, strike. Strike directly suspends production, cuts the creation of profit, cut off the employer from the lanterns market, may lose the source of materials and fixed charges such as interest, taxes and salaries for officials continue to be incurred during the strike period. The very existence of an enterprise may be threatened by a prolonged strike. By its very nature, strike is a test of strength and if it succeeds in wrecking damage on the management, it does so only at the expense of the paper underground railroad workers. Furthermore, strike is a weapon which can easily fail and questions answers which has often failed in the past, leaving strikers destitute and jobless.
Unions often invoke political patronage to beat the management. Several unions owe their recognition and patronage to political parties and it is not surprising that employee organisations look to them for direction and sustenance. Unions often blackmail the management, at some critical point, of time to get their demands met. Essay # Trade Union Movement in India: The trade union movement in India started with the paper underground forming of Bombay Mill Hands Association in 1890 by N.K.
Lokhands. Fall Of The Essays. In 1897, Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants, Printers Union of Calcutta in 1905, Madras and research paper underground Calcutta postal Unions 1907 were the other associations formed in thesis on teenage, the beginning of this movement. These were no trade unions in true sense but rather social organisations. The main aims of these organisations were to promote welfare activities and spread literacy among workers. These associations were not affiliated to any central organisation or federation. Research Underground. The leadership to these unions was provided mostly by social reformers, careerists and politicians-cum nationalists. The trade union movement developed fast particularly during and after World War I. Paper. The factors like economic hardship due to rise in cost of living, rising tide of nationalism, emergence of research paper underground railroad, union leadership contributed to development of trade unionism in India.
A number of unions such as Indian Seamen’s Union at new york essay Calcutta and Bombay, Punjab Press Employees’ Association, Madras Textile Labour Union, Railway Workers’ Unions were formed with a view to ameliorate the conditions of working class. A number of nationalist leaders like C.R. Das, Moti Lal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose, V.V. Giri, S.A. Dange, S.V.
Ghate, some of them to mention, associated themselves with trade union movement. In 1920 All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) was formed under the leadership of Lala Lajpat Rai. By 1926-27, workers’ and peasants’ parties sprang up and in 1928; various local units of these parties were united into in research underground, All India Workers’ and Peasants’ party. The formation of this union gave impetus to left thinking and many unions opted for left- wing leadership. There was a split in AITUC and All India Trade Union Federation (AITUF) was formed under N.M. Research. Joshi. AITUC had another split in 1931 and Red Trade Union Congress (RTUC) was formed by B.T. Ranadive and S.V. Deshpande. In 1935 RTUC merged into AITUC. After nine years of split NTUF also merged with AITUC (1940) making it again a sole representative of the organised labour.
Those favouring the ideals of socialism and sharing the views of research underground, Indian National Congress separated from AITUC and formed Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) in 1947. Buy Bulk Paper Lanterns Cheap. The socialists later formed Hind Mazdoor Panchayat (H.M.S.). In 1962 a new organisation called Confederation of Free Trade Unions (CFTU) was formed. The split in political parties was followed by paper underground, a split in the trade union it was dominating. This process has continued in the Indian scene right upto now. Essay # Present Position of Trade Union : There are five central organisations which dominate the trade unions in India. These organisations are briefly discussed here: 1. The India National Trade Union Congress (INTUC): This organisation which was formed by essay answers, congress party in 1947 has 3153 affiliated trade unions with a total membership of over 30 lakh workers. It has strong roots in West Bengal, Assam, Gujrat, Bihar and Maharashtra. The largest number of workers in this organisation belongs to research underground railroad textile, jute, tea plantation, hosiery, transport and mining industries.
2. The All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC): AITUC which is affiliated to Communist Party of paper cheap, India is considered to be the second largest federation of trade unions with over 26 lakh members. It has basis in engineering, petroleum, building and construction industries. AITUC is strong in West Bengal, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Delhi. HMS is the labour wing of Praja Socialist Party. The focus of this federation is more on peaceful, legitimate and democratic methods.
It has affiliations in research paper railroad, railways, cotton textile, coal mining, engineering industries, etc. It has also a base in post and telegraph department of central government. 4. The United Trade Union Congress (UTUC): Some socialist leaders formed UTUC in April 1949 with an objective to establish a workers’ and peasants’ state in India. It has influences in West Bengal, Bihar, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
Its members come from plantation, textile, ports, shipping and agricultural areas. 5. Of The Essays. The Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU): It was formed by CPM members in 1970. CITU believes that the exploitation of the working class can be ended only be socialising all means of production, distribution and exchange and establishing a socialist state. Research Underground. CITU claims a membership of over 12 lakh workers. Essay # Recommendations of the National Commission on Labour : National Commission on Labour feels that the primary function of a union is to on teenage alcoholism promote and research paper railroad protect the interests of its members.
Their goals should be to thesis on teenage improve the economic position of workers. These objectives will be achieved only if the unions are strong enough to take up workers’ issues with managements and the government. The commission made following recommendations to strengthen the unions: 1. It recommended that the research underground formation of craft and occupation unions be discouraged. Truman Capote New York. Industrial trade unions and federations should be encouraged.
2. The number of outsiders in a union should be limited to 30 percent only and this percentage should even be less if the members of a union are 10,000 or more. 3. The ex-employees of an organisation should be treated as insiders. In some cases the union leaders resign their jobs to shoulder increasing responsibility of union or they might be victimised by managements for their active participation in union activities. Underground Railroad. So the commission recommended that these persons be treated as inside members of multiple choice questionnaire, a union. 4. The commission recommended that there should be no ban on non-employees holding office. 5. Paper Railroad. Efforts should be made to encourage leadership from fall essays, amongst members of the paper underground railroad working class. 6. The management should be penalised for fall roman empire victimisation of members of unions and also for adopting unfair practices to discourage members from joining unions. 7. The commission also recommended that registration of paper underground railroad, a union be cancelled if its membership falls below a certain number and if it fails to file its returns in time and rectify the defective returns in a specified time. 8. The unions with 100 c. more members should be recognised, if there is more than one union then the one with more members should be recognised. The Trade Unions Act, 1926, legalises the formation of trade unions by allowing employees the research paper railroad right to form and organise unions. The Act was passed on March 25, 1926 and was brought into force from research railroad, June 1, 1927.
It extends to whole of thesis multiple questionnaire, India. The main objective of the Act is to provide for the registration of trade unions and to give registered trade unions a legal status and immunity to their office bearers and members from civil and underground railroad criminal liability in respect of legitimate trade union activities. In pursuit of its primary objective, the research paper underground Act contains 33 sections. The provisions of the Act are divided into eight sections namely: 2. Registration of unions. 3. Duties and responsibilities of registered trade unions. 4. Right and liabilities of registered trade unions. 5. Amalgamation and underground dissolution of unions. 6. Submission of returns. 7. Penalties and fines. 8. Power to make regulations.
The Act is a central legislation, but is administered by the state governments. Central Government handles all unions which are not confined to one state. It has the power to buy bulk paper cheap amend the Act. Essay # Problems of Trade Union Movement in India: Trade unions are concentrated more or less in major metropolitan cities in India and traceable only in paper underground, large scale units especially in cotton textile industry.
The degree of unionism also varies from industry to industry, iron and steel, tobacco, railways, cement, banking, insurance etc. There is very little trade union activity in small scale sector, agricultural sector and domestic sector. Most of the unions have low membership. Though the thesis choice questionnaire number of unions and union membership are increasing, average membership is inadequate. Paper Railroad. Because of essay, their small size, unions suffer from lack of adequate funds and find it difficult to research railroad engage the paper lanterns cheap services of experts to aid and advise members in times of need. They can’t bargain with employers effectively on their own. Most of the trade unions in paper underground, India suffer from inadequate funds. This unsound financial position is mostly due to low membership and low rate of membership fee. Buy Bulk Lanterns Cheap. Trade Union Act, 1926 prescribed the membership fee at 25 p. per member per month. But the National Commission on labour recommended the increase of rate of research railroad, membership subscription from 25 paisa to Re. 1 in the year 1990.
But the Government did not accept this recommendation. Due to fall empire essays the financial weakness, most of the unions are not in underground, a position to undertake welfare programmes for their workers. Most of the trade unions in India have professional political leadership. The leadership of politicians is interested in exploiting workers for their political purposes. Strikes are organised and prolonged for personal prestige and roman empire negotiations with employer’s breakdown due to political considerations. The interest and welfare of the workers are very often ignored. Thus, the political leadership is very harmful to the trade union movement in India. Multiple unions both at research paper railroad the plant and industry levels are responsible for unhealthy growth of trade union movement.
There exist several unions in the same establishment or industry. Truman Capote New York. The existence of this phenomenon can be attributed partly to the domination of outside leaders and partly to the labour laws. Trade unions Act encourages a small sector of paper, workers to form separate unions. Political outsiders establish unions of their own to increase their political influence. In some cases, employers encourage split in unions to undermine their bargaining power. Due to the multiplicity of unions, inter-union rivalry takes place. Unions try to play down each other in a bid to gain greater influence on the workers. In the process, they do more harm than good to the cause of unionism as a whole. Employers take advantage of infighting between unions and play unions against each other.
They can also refuse to bargain on capote new york, the plea that there is no representative union. Inter union rivalry cuts at the root of trade union movement, weaken the research paper underground railroad power of collective bargaining and reduces the effectiveness of workers in thesis alcoholism, securing their legitimate rights. Many a times, the employers refuse recognition to trade unions under the contention that unions consist of only a small number of workers or because of multiplicity of union. Employers are under no obligation to give recognition to research paper underground unions. Weak finances and political leadership do-not permit unions to engage the services of full time, paid office bearers. Union activists, who work on a part-time basis, neither have the time nor the energy to take up union activities sincerely and diligently. Workers join factories with varying backgrounds and therefore, it is difficult for them to put up a joint front in case of trouble.
Employers exploit the situation, under the circumstances, by dividing workers on the basis of capote essay, race, religion, language etc. In order to make the trade union movement succeed, the members of the trade unions should take keen interest in the union affairs. But majority of workers do-not take interest in union activities. The attendance at the general meetings of unions is paper underground railroad, very poor. Under such circumstances, trade unionism cannot be expected to make much progress and outside political leaders exploit the situation to fall of the roman empire serve their own personal agenda. Many unions in India undertake only limited welfare activities. They feel that their major activity is to fight with the employer for more wages and research paper underground railroad allowances. Moreover, paucity of ap environmental essay, funds also hamper the welfare activities of the unions.
In the absence of welfare activities, workers are not attracted towards unions. The general public is adversely affected due to strikes, go slow policy and other practices of unions. As a result, public support or sympathy is not available to the unions. The general public opinion is unfavourable to research paper railroad unions and their unfair practices. Essay # Measures for fall of the roman essays Strengthening Trade Union Movement: Unions must put a joint front. A strong and united trade union movement is necessary to safeguard the interests of the research paper underground members and to help in achieving the targets of production. To develop a strong trade union, it is necessary to expand the trade union movement to unorganised sector and small towns. The membership of unions should also be increased. The principle of one union in one industry should be adopted to avoid multiplicity of unions and inter union rivalry.
This will help in eliminating the problems created by multiplicity of unions. The financial problems of the paper unions can be solved by raising the membership and collecting for fees from all the members, the membership fees should be raised as the research underground railroad amount of the wages of the workers increased significantly compared to the situation in 1926 when Trade Union Act provided for the collection of 25 paisa per month per member as subscription fees. Political leadership has developed due to research underground railroad the absence of internal leadership. Outside leadership is the main cause of multiple problems of the trade unions. These problems can be removed through the development of underground railroad, leadership talents from within. Management should encourage internal workers to underground lead their own movement. Both managements and trade unions should provide education and training for the development of internal leadership.
Paid union officials should be employed who are persons of proven integrity and who are competent and railroad sincere. They should be able to evaluate workers’ aspirations and strong enough to negotiate with employers on equal basis. It should be made obligatory on thesis on teenage, the part of the employers to give recognition to the trade unions. The Royal Commission observed as early as in paper railroad, 1931 that the fact that unions consist of only a minority of choice questionnaire, employees is not adequate reason for with-holding recognition. Research Underground. Some procedure must be worked out so that the most representative union in the plant is recognised by the management. The National labour conference (1982) has suggested a check off system for verifying membership of different trade unions. Under this, workers will authorise managements to deduct, from essay, their wages, dues to any of the unions of their choice. This would provide the basis for finding the paper underground railroad strength of each union and determining which of the unions would act as a bargaining agent. Unions should widen the scope of buy bulk lanterns cheap, their activities and provide certain benefits and facilities to the workers.
This will attract more workers towards unions and will make the unions strong and popular. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages:
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Essay: Change within the organisation. Change is inevitable and an integral part of life, beneficial to the people or an organisation. Many organisations are able to initiate change and succeed in doing so, but some are not quite as successful therefore require a proper strategic plan to effectively implement change. Research Underground Railroad! The change management plan has to be properly planned to ensure its success. Many people have come up with various plans that aim to assist an organisation to successfully implement change. In this case, the focus is on organisational change on buy bulk paper lanterns cheap, Quantum Property Services (QPS). It is a well-established and known organisation whose specialty is in the search for, acquisition and restoration of large forgotten industrial and historical buildings in order to sell them on underground railroad, for both public and private use.
The organisation has been doing well but has several challenges. Its sales have decreased due to the recession and competition in the current market. The company has seen that there is a critical need for soft change such as changes in the cultural setting of an organisation which can be quite messy. The company needs to take up the changes required to help maintain their identity as shown in the multiple cause diagram. Their need for fall roman empire essays change is fuelled by underground, a number of reasons. First, their sales have decreased by half and this is not a good thing for science the company.
Secondly, there is lack of movement according to underground the organisation’s CEO. Buy Bulk Paper! Thirdly, as the Senior Management Team (SMT) had identified, they need to broaden the organisation’s activities. Fourthly, there is an paper railroad immense and growing need for a new and different skill set. In order for them to ap environmental questions answers boost their sales and be able to maintain their status of excellence and quality, various changes need to be made in the four areas mentioned above; their decreased sales, lack of underground railroad movement, the underground railroad need to broaden the company’s activities and underground railroad, the growing need for a different skill set (Weiner, 2009). If QPS adopts to apply other change strategies, they may not be as successful in implementing them due to the cultural setting of the business and that of the employees.
These ineffective changes include hiring new employees with no proficiency and the compliance to change as mentioned in thesis on teenage alcoholism the force field analysis. If the company evaluates their staff and decide to keep incompetent employees, these employees would not be effective in the planning and research underground, implementation of change in the organisation (Kanter et al., 2003). QPS needs to alcoholism increase their sales from three per year to an average of research paper six or more per year in order to avoid incurring losses. This can be achieved through coming up with new market strategies that can increase their sales and revenue. These strategies can improve their customer services through establishing a firm relationship. They need to thesis implement changes through creation of motivation especially with the employees. The employees need to have a sense of enthusiasm and motivation so as to diligently work hard and make the organisation prosper. Research Paper Railroad! Motivation can be in the promise of promotion, an increment in wages or even extra vacation days. A new skill set, for choice questionnaire example in the Social Media department ensures a steady online presence for research paper underground railroad the company, needs to be established and identified in research railroad order to give the company a stronger edge and paper, base for future operations. Broadening the company’s activities would give the company an opportunity to establish itself on a better platform the greater good of the enterprise. They can broaden their activities through establishing and partnering with foreign firms in selling their products overseas and multiple choice questionnaire, also through investing in new projects in a different market structure so as to expand the company’s portfolio.
In QPS, the company would use the OD soft system model for change (Figure 1). Railroad! The OD soft system model is easy but tactful model for change because it illustrates challenges of soft complexity in ap environmental essay unbounded situations. The OD processes fully referred to as the Organisational Development (OD) according to Senior (1997) its ‘a term for paper underground railroad a set of values and buy bulk paper lanterns cheap, assumptions about an railroad organisation and the people within them, together with a range of concepts and techniques, are thought useful for bringing about long-term, organisation-wide change’; that is change which is thesis, more likely to paper dissolve problems than resolve or solve them. The OD process operates at all levels of the organisational, individual, and group. It is a fairly long-term process for initiating and implementing planned change (Senior and Swailes, 2010, p. 326). Figure 1: OD Model of Change (Senior and Swailes, 2010, p. 328). For an effective change plan that can be implemented through effective communication and participation, the problems and challenges that QPS faces need to be identified so as to establish a clear model for change. The OD approach is a better approach in truman new york essay identifying the problem and research paper underground, looking for strategies that would tackle these challenges and issues. OD focuses on culture and processes, QPS has a culture of excellence and diligence and by thesis, using the OD process it would have an advantage of maintaining its processes (Senior and Swailes, 2010, p. 328).
The first stage which termed as ‘the present and future state’ seeks to imply the dimensions that an organisation needs to work on. The present state of the research organisation needs to be evaluated so as to decide on the future state of the organisation. One cannot succeed without the other. The vision part clearly identifies what the future should hold for the organisations. This usually gives an outline of what vision QPS should have. The vision cannot be achieved without assessing the current and present situation. The first stage in this process is diagnosing the current situation. In QPS, the current diagnosis is the declining sales of the acquisitions they acquire.
This gives a perspective to multiple choice questionnaire which an effective plan shall be developed. After this, there is need to develop a vision for change. Paper Railroad! After an explicit evaluation of the present stage, an organisation gets a clear perspective of what it needs to change. QPS can develop a vision that it would aim at research, achieving in the future. It would have to come up with ‘something new’ to give it a competitive edge in the current market. This may imply a different strategy in terms of services and markets for the organisation. It may also imply a change in structure and culture of the organisation as shown in research railroad the systems map future. Choice! For QPS to achieve the desired change it has to bridge the gap between the underground current strategy and goals and those to which it must aspire in order to respond to the forces and circumstances of changing internal and external environments (Senior and Swailes, 2010). The fifth stage involves assessment and railroad, reinforcement of the change.
After the implementation process, most organisations throw in the towel which is not recommended. In order to ensure that the change process is successful, the assessment of the changes made needs to be done. QPS would gain a lot from the assessment process. Assessment of the company because change is an evolving process concerned not only research paper with changes in quantifiable performance objectives but also with changes in attitudes, behaviours and cultural norms where measurement is thesis on teenage, bound to be less precise (Senior and Swailes, 2010). QPS would benefit a lot from the paper changes if it implements them successfully.
Primary it would allow QPS to roman empire discover new opportunities, acquire new know-how and apply their new learned expertise in ways that would assist the business in the future as presented in the systems map. In the end, QPS would be able to research paper expand its growth opportunities. The company has already developed and established its status quo as an thesis choice excellent and competent organisation, but with the changes it would implement, it would be able to adapt a greater status quo. This can be achieved through extensively investing in new innovative ideas. In addition, QPS would benefit from increased adaptability by employing ‘fresh blood’ young employees from different and research paper underground railroad, diverse workforce for new york the new Social Media department as illustrated in the force field diagram.
It would also have a wider service range due to the diverse collection of experiences and paper underground, expertise. If the organisation decides to neglect the call for change, it may also face a number of risks. These risks include losing its customers in the current market, incurring significant losses, employees quitting their jobs while others get hired by thesis, other rival companies. In the end, the company might end up shutting down (Greenberg, 2004). Other triggers of change just as a PESTLE analysis is necessary for the process of formulating new strategies that would be advantageous to the company and a SWOT analysis of QPS is important since it would be able to identify the strengths and weakness of the company’s actions and the opportunities and research paper, threats in the current market (see Appendix A and B). Challenges of planning and implementation.
Change is railroad, essential to the company because it enables QPS to operate on a renewed scale. This means that the business can acquire new skill sets that would allow it to be successful. Customer needs are also changing. If the organisation does not change its customer approach, it may end up losing its customers and clients (Prosci, n.d.). QPS needs to change so that it can maintain a strong brand and be capable of obtaining advantage of new opportunities when they present themselves. Research Underground! During the implementation of these changes, there shall be obstacles experienced. Some of these challenges include differing perspectives, resistance to research paper underground railroad the change from research paper, employees and lack of efficient change management resources and planning. By using the K??bler-Ross change curve, these challenges can be addressed (Figure 2). Figure 2: K??bler-Ross change curve (K??bler-Ross, 1969).
Most employees are afraid of what the on teenage change entails; some might think that it involves losing their jobs and might have fears over job security. To tackle these obstacles, they need to carefully explain to the employees on what they would be getting themselves into. In terms of efficient change resources and management, the company ought to implement new management to oversee the change plan. The new management can include leaders who are competent and flexible to change. In terms of the differing perspectives, the company should have an overall strategic change manager as show in the future systems map, who will effectively supervise the ideas and thoughts that would be offered. The supervisor’s decision would be final in the change arrangement (Schalk et al., 1998). Kotter’s model can also be used in to paper address challenges and the last two steps in the process can be very useful in tackling these issues because they aim at implementing and sustaining change (Figure 3). The seventh step, build on the change, looks at tweaks to optimize the change. This step is used to increase reliability in the current change. This ensures that the capote new york essay QPS does not go back to its old ways once it has adapted to the new change.
The eighth step, make it stick, seeks to paper underground make the change developed in the organisation to stick and should be for thesis the long-term. The change can be made firm through support from leaders and passing on the new change ideas to paper railroad any newly hired employees and staff. Figure 3: 8-Step Process for Leading Change by Kotter (Kotter, 1997). Overall, change is science, important in underground any given organisation. It ensures that companies have a competitive edge and ap environmental science essay, can accommodate the growing base of paper railroad customers.
If QPS implements the thesis choice questionnaire changes highlighted above while paying close attention to the challenges and the future systems map, it will be the leading organisation in the restoration, restructuring and vending of the historical buildings in the current market. They will have rebounded from a slump and effectively implemented an effective change management process which can be replicated in the years to paper underground railroad come ensuring the long-term sustainability of their company. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Management essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to paper underground help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Management work in research paper underground your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Management essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words.
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